Wake up employers: you can overcome barriers to high value healthcare
In a recent article on The Health Care Blog entitled 'Human Resources and Surviving Healthcare Reform', Mike Turpin spells out the big issues facing employers as they prepare to navigate the unpredictable consequences of healthcare reform legislation (PPACA).
After a dispiriting view of the challenges faced by HR professionals: "getting hit from all angles – finding it difficult to continue to transfer rising costs to employees, unwilling to absorb double-digit trends, under-staffed to intervene in the health of their populations and uninspired to assume the role of market catalyst to eliminate the perverse incentives that reward treatment of chronic illness rather than its prevention.”
He nonetheless cautions that: “inaction and lack of planning will cost employers dearly…employers must forge ahead to address the intended and unintended impacts on the estimated 180 million Americans covered under their employer-sponsored healthcare plans".
Turpin’s recommendations for action -- which include warning employers against dumping health coverage, advocating for employer self-insurance, and promoting aggressive population risk management -- culminate in the following call to arms:
"You are the 'market forces' everyone keeps talking about and you need to use this power to influence on-going reform. ... Congress will only listen to employers because the other stakeholders have a perceived conflict of interest in how health reform is ultimately resolved. Employers must build up the courage and resolve to begin to reshape the ... delivery models that result in overtreatment and lack of accountability for poor outcomes."
Employers are a sleeping giant … and it’s time to wake up!
There is enormous opportunity for employers to positively affect the health of employees, the value they get for health benefits spending, and, ultimately, the future of healthcare in the US.
On the other hand, the consequence of inaction is predictable and catastrophic.
Employers can reduce demand and streamline supply of healthcare.
What Turpin refers to as population risk management, the first way that employers can improve the value they achieve from their health benefits spending is to lower the demand for care by improving the risk profile of their employee population. For those graphically inclined, this means shifting the risk curve by encouraging those at relatively low risk to stay healthy (and get healthier) while engaging those at highest risk to change their lives.
To be successful, employers must first ascertain where health risks lie, then effectively engage employees with plan design, incentives, environmental and cultural changes. No two workforces are the same, but there is a growing and diverse array of strategies and solutions available to engage employees at all levels of risk.
The second strategy to increase return on health benefits spending is to improve the efficiency of supply by demanding more value from the healthcare delivery system. Employers that intervene and innovate around care delivery and reimbursement stand to reduce ineffective care while promoting better coordinated, higher quality care for employees.
|Lower Demand + More Efficient Supply|
||----------------------------------------------->||Healthier Employees + Lower Spending|
||----------------------------------------------->||Increased Productivity and Profitability|
So why then have employers generally been unsuccessful in achieving high value from their health benefits spending? Here are some commonly perceived barriers:
- Attitude -- I am not in the healthcare business, it’s not my mandate or expertise.
- Information -- I have no idea how to measure what value I am getting for my money.
- Empowerment -- My employees are disengaged and unaware of healthcare’s true cost.
- Impact -- I am just one purchaser of healthcare, powerless to make a structural difference.
- Agency – Even though I’m self insured I feel as though I have little control over rising costs.
- Resources -- I want to change things, but don’t have the resources to drive innovation.
None of these barriers are insurmountable if employers adopt a proactive approach and take advantage of the leverage they have:
- Attitude - A paradigm shift in thinking is required. Healthcare is a substantial cost of business that for many employers is rising at an unsustainable rate. It is therefore your business.
- Information - Get informed about what you are spending, what you are spending it on, why you are spending it, and the value you are getting for your money.
- Empowerment - Engage your employees as proactive partners in their health and care by giving them control over their health information, re-aligning their financial incentives toward health and value conscious consumerism, and providing them with an environment and corporate culture that fosters healthy lifestyle.
- Impact – The potential for employers’ collective influence over the US healthcare system cannot not be overstated. Take action cooperatively to increase your leverage.
- Agency – Many employers have ceded too much control to outside entities whose financial interests are not aligned with their own. Take control back from brokers and plans; they are not your business partners.
- Resources – Ultimately, you cannot afford not to invest in managing population risk and driving healthcare innovation. It is clear by now that nobody is riding to your rescue.
Lowering demand and streamlining supply are prizes not easily won for employers.
But with the health of their workforce, the competitiveness of their company, and the future of US healthcare hanging in the balance – they are certainly worth fighting for. The path will look different for every employer, but following these general principles puts success within reach for employers, their employees, and the future of healthcare in the US.