What Is the Mako Knee Replacement Made Of?
Knee replacement surgery has become a common procedure for individuals suffering from severe knee pain and limited mobility. Among the various options available, the Mako knee replacement has gained popularity due to its innovative technology and promising outcomes. The Mako knee replacement is unique because it utilizes a robotic-arm assisted system that helps surgeons accurately perform the procedure. In this article, we will delve into what the Mako knee replacement is made of and provide 5 interesting facts about it.
The Mako knee replacement is composed of several components that work together to provide optimal functionality and longevity. The main components are:
1. Femoral Component: This component replaces the end of the thigh bone (femur) and is made of metal. It is designed to closely mimic the shape and functionality of the natural knee joint.
2. Tibial Component: This component replaces the top of the shin bone (tibia) and is made of metal with a special insert made of plastic or a combination of metal and plastic. The insert acts as a cushion between the femoral and tibial components, allowing smooth movement.
3. Patellar Component: This component replaces the back surface of the kneecap (patella) and is also made of plastic. It is designed to provide a smooth gliding surface for the kneecap.
4. Robotic Arm: The Mako system features a robotic arm that assists the surgeon during the procedure. The arm is made of metal and is controlled the surgeon, who uses it to accurately remove damaged bone and cartilage and precisely place the knee prosthesis.
5. Plastic Spacers: These spacers are placed between the femoral and tibial components to reduce friction and allow smooth movement. They are made of a highly durable plastic material that can withstand the forces exerted on the knee joint.
Now, let’s explore 5 interesting facts about the Mako knee replacement:
1. Precision and Accuracy: The Mako system uses a virtual model of the patient’s knee, which allows the surgeon to create a personalized surgical plan. This level of precision ensures that the implant is positioned accurately, leading to improved outcomes and patient satisfaction.
2. Reduced Bone Loss: The Mako system enables surgeons to make precise bone cuts, resulting in minimal bone loss. This is advantageous for patients who may require revision surgery in the future, as it preserves more bone for potential future procedures.
3. Rapid Recovery: Many patients who undergo Mako knee replacement surgery experience a shorter hospital stay and faster recovery compared to traditional knee replacement procedures. The precise implant positioning and minimal tissue damage contribute to quicker rehabilitation and return to daily activities.
4. Longevity: The materials used in the Mako knee replacement are designed to withstand the demands placed on the knee joint. Metal components are made of durable alloys, and the plastic spacers are highly resistant to wear, providing a longer lifespan for the implant.
5. Improved Functionality: With the Mako knee replacement, patients often report improved range of motion and reduced knee pain. The accurate alignment and customized surgical plan contribute to a more natural-feeling knee joint, allowing individuals to engage in various activities with greater ease.
Now, let’s address some common questions about the Mako knee replacement:
1. Is the Mako knee replacement suitable for everyone?
Not everyone is eligible for the Mako knee replacement. Your orthopedic surgeon will assess your condition and determine if you are a suitable candidate.
2. Is the Mako knee replacement covered insurance?
Most insurance plans cover the Mako knee replacement, but it is recommended to check with your insurance provider beforehand.
3. How long does the Mako knee replacement surgery take?
The duration of the surgery varies depending on individual factors, but it typically takes around 1-2 hours.
4. What is the recovery time after Mako knee replacement surgery?
The recovery time varies, but most patients can expect to resume normal activities within 6-8 weeks.
5. Are there any risks or complications associated with the Mako knee replacement?
As with any surgery, there are risks involved. Your surgeon will discuss potential complications and take necessary precautions to minimize them.
6. How long does the Mako knee replacement last?
The Mako knee replacement can last up to 20 years or more, depending on individual factors and lifestyle choices.
7. Will I be able to participate in sports after Mako knee replacement surgery?
While the Mako knee replacement improves functionality, high-impact sports may still be restricted. Your surgeon will provide you with specific guidelines based on your individual case.
8. Can the Mako knee replacement be revised if needed?
Yes, the Mako knee replacement can be revised in the future if necessary, as it preserves more bone compared to traditional knee replacements.
9. Will I be able to kneel or squat after Mako knee replacement surgery?
Kneeling and squatting may be possible after Mako knee replacement surgery, but it is advisable to consult with your surgeon for specific guidance.
10. How soon can I drive after Mako knee replacement surgery?
Driving is typically allowed once you have regained adequate strength, mobility, and are no longer taking narcotic pain medication. Your surgeon will provide clearance based on your progress.
11. Will I require physical therapy after Mako knee replacement surgery?
Physical therapy is an essential part of the recovery process after Mako knee replacement surgery. Your surgeon will prescribe a personalized rehabilitation program.
12. Can the Mako system be used for partial knee replacements?
Yes, the Mako system can also be used for partial knee replacements, depending on the extent of the damage.
13. Is the Mako knee replacement FDA approved?
Yes, the Mako knee replacement system has received FDA approval for use in knee replacement surgeries.
14. How do I find a surgeon who performs Mako knee replacement surgery?
You can consult your orthopedic surgeon or use the official Mako website to find surgeons in your area who are trained in using the Mako system.
In conclusion, the Mako knee replacement is made of various components, including metal and plastic, and utilizes a robotic-arm assisted system. It offers precision, rapid recovery, and improved functionality for patients undergoing knee replacement surgery. While it may not be suitable for everyone, it provides an innovative approach to knee replacement with promising outcomes. If you are considering knee replacement surgery, consult with your orthopedic surgeon to determine if the Mako system is the right option for you.